Understanding the Process of Building a Luxury Home

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Understanding the Process of Building a Luxury Home

Building any home can be a complicated endeavor, but building a luxury home, particularly in towns like Greenwich, Westport, and Darien, often entails advanced processes when dealing with challenging landscape and large, complex structures. The following breaks down the home building process so that you’ll know what to expect.

Rear Ext w Pool Crop

Planning and Assessment


The first step will be to choose a site, have it assessed by a professional, and develop a detailed home plan. Having the right building team that consists of an experienced Architect, Civil Engineer, and Homebuilder is a critical component to this process. A luxury Homebuilder and Architect should first meet with you to discuss your needs in detail, and then conduct land and site assessments to identify any challenges that must be addressed. Taking the necessary time to provide a careful assessment is the mark of quality professionals. Key factors when assessing a lot will be the stability of the soil, the slope and contours of the land, and the quantity and location of any wetlands and ledge. In addition, you’ll need to assess the feasibility of connecting to electric, water, and sewer or installing a septic and well. A qualified builder will pull the necessary permits.

Site Preparation and Foundation Construction
After the plans are developed and the legal approval process is complete, crews will stake out the project from the survey and, if necessary, begin clearing the site. They will then excavate for drainage and contours, rough the driveway, and begin digging the foundation. The construction process will likely need to account for zoning and environmental restrictions associated with building in Fairfield County. A building lot in Weston will have different restrictions compared to a lot in Greenwich. Special permit and construction considerations will be required when building on waterfront property. For example, particular attention must go into the foundation when building on the water, to account for potential flood and water issues. At this stage, proper drainage will also be installed. 

Framing
and Building Exterior
Building a luxury custom home often requires a complex set of framing plans that could include steel components for lofted or large spaces. It’s important to fully understand your design before this process. After the frame is up it will be difficult to change the location of certain structural elements. Work closely with your Architect and Homebuilder to ensure that the designs meet your exact specifications before framing.

Once the frame is up, the windows and exterior doors can be installed and the building exterior can be completed. This process will involve installing the roofing, sheathing, flashing, siding, trim, gutters, and any masonry veneer as well as exterior paint.

Plumbing, Electrical, and HVAC Systems


Once the home is sealed and secured from the elements, the next step is to install plumbing, electrical, and HVAC systems. Wiring, pipes, and ductwork will be installed and your home will be connected to utilities. This step can involve complicated processes that require thoughtful planning. For example, speak to your Architect and Homebuilder about the anticipated electrical load and how much demand you’ll be placing on the system. If you’re installing a home theater system, for example, now is the time to have any special electric work done to support it.

It’s fairly common for revisions to be made during the construction process; however, keeping them to a minimum will help avoid overruns and delays. Your Homebuilder develops these change orders, and you both must sign off on them. This way all changes are recorded and accounted for.

Insulation, Drywall or Plaster, Interior Finishing
In this step, the frame is insulated, and drywall or plaster is installed. Once the walls are done, finish elements can be completed including flooring, cabinetry, interior doors, tiling, fixtures, installation of appliances, countertops, trim and paneling, and interior painting and staining. 

Landscaping
Now the final stages can begin, including installing the driveway, walkways, sod, stonewalls, fencing, patio, plantings, and irrigation. Any pool installation can start as long as the grading of the property is complete. 

Final Walk-through


Take full advantage of the final walk-through. This is your opportunity to make sure that all details are in place. As you and the Homebuilder inspect the home, take time for a close inspection and ask questions along the way. Any uncompleted items are put on a “punch list.” Typically a specific amount of money is held back until the punch list is completed by the builder.

Whether you’re building a new custom home in Westport or renovating a historic building in Fairfield, make it a point to know what is being done and why. Communication with your Homebuilder and Architect will ensure that your needs are met.